PROSTATIC SPECIFIC ANTIGEN (PSA)
1 SST/1.0 mL serum. After 30 minutes of clotting, promptly centrifuge and refrigerate.
Refrigerated: 5 days; Frozen: 6 months
Measurement of serum PSA levels is not recommended as a screening procedure for the diagnosis of cancer because elevated PSA levels also are observed in patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy. However, studies suggest that the measurement of PSA in conjunction with digital rectal examination (DRE) and ultrasound provide a better method of detecting prostate cancer then DRE alone. PSA levels increase in men with cancer of the prostate, and after radical prostatectomy PSA levels routinely fall to the undetectable range. If prostatic tissue remains after surgery or metastasis has occurred, PSA appears to be useful in detecting residual and early recurrence of tumor.